Preview
Ukraine Warep4
How can we avoid nuclear war?
Dr. Lyndon BurfordDr. Lyndon BurfordHD, subtitles, Q&ATranscript57m
From the Cuban Missile Crisis to the Cold War, the spectre of nuclear war has loomed over the planet many times since WWII. How did we step back from the brink, and what does that tell us about how to handle Putin's threats?

The world is watching Russia with bated breath as its threats get more and more overt around the use of nuclear weapons to discourage intervention in its invasion of Ukraine. But this isn't the first time we've reached this point. From the Cuban Missile Crisis to the Cold War to the roughly 13,000 nuclear weapons that still exist today, the spectre of nuclear war has loomed over humanity ever since WWII. How did we step back from the brink, and how can we think about the challenge of nuclear disarmament following Putin's nuclear threats?

Dr Lyndon Burford, Visiting Research Associate at King's College London and a global expert on nuclear deterrence and disarmament, will join us in The Garden to tell us about the history of nuclear standoffs, and how blockchain technology could be used to verify and incentivise nuclear non-proliferation.

"Because Russia and the United States maintain a couple of 1000s nuclear weapons on what they call 'launch on warning' alert - or 'high alert'. But what that means is that every hour of every day, those weapons are ready to launch within 30 to 40 minutes, and they start landing on their targets about half an hour after that. So every hour of every day, we're never more than about an hour from potentially full scale, global nuclear war."

Talk Timings:

3.00 - Russian invasion of Ukraine & raised nuclear threats

6.00 - Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons // The Nuclear Ban Treaty

6.50 - Nuclear War Economy

8.07 - Ukraine War vs Cuban Missile Crisis

12.03 - Nuclear deterrence

21.00 - Steven Schwartz 'Atomic Audit' - US nuclear weapons spend

23.14 - Launch on warning alert - nuclear readiness

26.00 - Ego & Nuclear War

32.50 - How do you prevent a nuclear war?

39.43 - Member questions

  • Pavlo from Ukraine: He lives in Ukraine in a part of Ukraine, which is at real risk of being hit by a nuclear weapon if Russia was to fire one he wants to know, what can he do to protect his family from this nuclear threat?

  • Xena: Question on the Non Proliferation Treaty - What does that treaty involve?

  • Jacob: Is there a real possibility that nuclear weapons could potentially one day be banned globally? And if a country did decide to create new nuclear weapons after that, do you believe that they would be sanctioned?

  • Anna G: Question on nuclear deterrence - Do you think that nuclear deterrence works in a situation where somebody is very ego driven?

Read more
HD, subtitles, Q&ATranscript

Ukraine War

The 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine brought the world's attention to Eastern Europe. This collection brings together world experts to share their insights into why this conflict happened & the long term implications of the war.

5 talks
Interactive Q&A
Series guide

Top audience questions
View all(13)
I am Pavlo from Kharkiv, Ukraine. I am staying in region that likely to be in nuclear danger caused by russian. How can I safe my family and myself ?
16 votes
Hi, what about dangers of blowing up nuclear power plants which are in plenty in Ukraine? Is that still a part of the treaty?
10 votes

A tough subject, well handled. I wish it could have been longer.Julius
Read all members reviews(2)

About the Garden

What is the Garden and what is your mission?

One Garden is a community for the curious, a place where learning is joyful. Together, we learn from world experts through weekly live talks and by asking them the questions we are most curious about. Our on demand library is yours to explore at your leisure.

With our monthly membership we aim to give anyone, anywhere, access to the knowledge, ideas and people who have shaped — and continue to shape — our understanding of the world.

What does a membership include?

A membership with One Garden will give you unlimited access to all our talks, live and on-demand.

For £9.99/month, One Garden will give you access to the brightest minds of our generation. Ask them your questions during a live talk, or sit back and relax.

Can I cancel during my free trial?

Yes of course. We invite you to enjoy a 14 day free trial, and if you cancel any time during this period then you will not be enrolled into the monthly plan and will not be charged.

You can cancel online, anytime, in your account with just a couple of clicks.

What sort of speakers do you have?

We find the most passionate experts and academics from across the globe. All of our talks are designed to be accessible to anyone, no prior knowledge required, and our speakers (or Fellows as we call them!) are skilled at delivering fascinating, captivating talks for all levels.

You'll have the chance to ask questions in real times during lives via our bespoke platform.

High-quality recorded talks on-demand

Watch recordings of 100+ past talks at your own pace

Browse on-demand talks

Online live interactive talks with experts

Come learn from the best in their fields, and ask them your questions

Find an upcoming live talk

One Garden is a community for the curious, a place where inquisitive minds can come together to learn from world experts, and each other, and join in conversations about topics that spark their curiosity.

Find out more

With our monthly membership we aim to give anyone, anywhere, access to the knowledge, ideas and people who have shaped — and continue to shape — our understanding of the world.

Find out more