John Gallagher is a cultural and social historian of early modern Britain and Europe, with a particular interest in language, migration, and education.
John Gallagher is a cultural and social historian of early modern Britain and Europe, with a particular interest in language, migration, and education. His research crosses boundaries between British and European history and stretches from the sixteenth to the early eighteenth century. He has researched and written on topics from the history of Italian grammar to the Grand Tour, and from perfumed gloves to Mediterranean piracy.
His research also covers urban multilingualism in early modern England. Working with the rich and multilingual records of immigrant communities in sixteenth and early seventeenth-century England, this project uses sources predominantly in French, Dutch, Italian, and English to explore urban multilingualism and polyglot lives, offering new perspectives on identity, language, urban life, and migration in early modern England and Europe.
Travel, mobility, and migration were instrumental in making Early modern England a multilingual landscape. But when did the English start speaking English and, how confident were those early speakers in the scope of this fast-evolving language?